York Cottage on left (formerly the Fox Beer house ) and Parkers (nearest camera) 2014. Both formerly York Buildings
From at least 1871, Bishop's Sutton had three pubs - it might have been earlier. The Ship Inn was well established and as it always was 'a bit better' than the other two, being an Inn. the others were mere beer houses.
As to which of the other two came first it’s not entirely clear; the Plough at the other end of the village from the Ship, (by the Water Lane turning) or the one in between the two: The Fox, situated in York Buildings (now York Cottage and Parkers).
Originally a tenement building, York Cottages have fluctuated between two and six 6 cottages. It is believed the Fox (sometimes called the Fox Inn) was the current York Cottage. In 1832 it was a dwelling house and grocers and baker's shop, the property of Mr Hathaway, and was sold - the closest reference to a pub is in the seasoned beer casks and brewing vats that were sold with it, but often beer houses would be incorporated with other establishments.
In 1861 either the Plough or the Fox was called the Nags Head, but by 1871 we had the Ship, Fox and Plough. Up until 1869 Beer houses were very loosely regulated and a one-off 2 guinea licence would allow the licensee to sell only beer with little or no other regulations. The Fox closed between 1912 and 1919, and the Plough in 1997.
Schedule of Licensed premises 1909
Showing all three Bishop's Sutton pubs
New House Farm, spring of 1959 (by kind permission of Judy Ratner)
The old A31 (now B3047, the Main Road) runs along the bottom of the photo. The buildings on the left are White Friars then the Ruins, Then Tavy and Yeomans Cottages, Then New house and its farm yard. Behind, the farm buildings are now dwellings (West Barn and Swallow Barn House).
After New House is the row of thatched cottages then called New House Cottages (now Grove Cottage), formerly three cottages and it looks like before 1870’s there were two more cottages which ran parallel to Water lane from where the Willow tree in Grove Cottage garden is across the entrance to grove cottage.
Far right, you can just see the corner of the old bungalow on Water lane. The Watercress beds behind were subsequently abandoned.
New House Farmhouse 1948
Description from Historic England:
Newhouse Farmhouse 5.12.55 GV II Farmhouse. C17 and mid C18. Timberframe with mathematical tiles and brick gables, old plain tiled roof. 2 storey, 5 bay, and central front door of 8 panels top glazed with C20 timber. Regency style flat roofed porch. Either side 2 flush framed sashes altered C19. Above 5 flush framed 12-pane sashes and dentilled cornice. External brick stacks at either end
Mathematical Tiles, New House east end
it is difficult to see the tiles because of the paint (inset: clearer example from Bramdean).
It is thought that the front of the building is hung with Mathematical Tiles rather than being brick. These tiles were laid with mortar rather than being hung.
During the 18th and 19th Centuries and mainly in the south of England, mathematical tiles tended to be laid on the outside of timber framed building as an alternative to bricks. They had several advantages over bricks as they cut the cost of the work as it didn’t require a professional builder to lay them. They were cheaper, more weather resistant and the weight added to the building was much less; but they still gave the same effect as bricks.
In 1987 it was reckoned on 37 examples remained in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight at least two in Alresford.
The last remnant of the Turnpike through Bishops Sutton
The Milestone outside White Friars (The Ruins) Installed by at least 1766 when milestones became compulsory.
Prior to 1752 the main route from Southampton and Winchester to Farnham and then on to London mainly missed out Bishops Sutton and Ropley as the road took various other routes.
Before the formation of Alresford pond and the development of New Alresford around 1204, the chief route was through the Worthys, heading up the present B3047 up on to Itchen and Stoke down through Abbotstone to Old Alresford, Drayton, Bighton, then Medstead to Chawton Park Wood, coming out near Alton Leisure Centre.
The formation of the pond made a connection along the weir from (Old) Alresford to the new development of Nova Forum (the New Market aka New Alresford). Another benefit of the weir was to dry up the marsh land further downstream at Sewers Bridge where the railway bridge at Ladycroft is now; this made it easier to pass and so opened up the road over the hill from Morn Hill and into Alresford down Broad street to connect with the old London rd through Bighton. The old road took many routes up numerous branches to Alton and was badly maintained, with a particularly difficult section being through Drayton which was often flooded.
In 1752 an Act of Parliament established the Winchester and Alton Lower district Turnpike Trust. This gave the private company the right to collect tolls along the length of the route and they had the responsibility to repair and upgrade the existing roads. the road was about 20 miles in length with four toll gates and bars. One of the gates being near St Swithun’s school another on the crossroad that crosses the present A31 Ovington /Gander down and the Round House in the Avenue at New Alresford. The position of the fourth is unclear.
The tolls for a typical turnpike of the time were:
Coach with 4 or more horses 1 shilling
Coach with 2 horses 6d
Carriage with 1 horse 3d
Wagon or cart, with 5 or more horses 1 shilling
Horse, laden or unladen, not drawing 1d
Cattle, per score 10d
Sheep, pigs, &c., per score 5d
In 1851 William Green who was living in Bishops Sutton was employed as a labourer on the Turnpike. Because of the cost of the tolls, many - especially locals and drovers - continued to use the old routes. The turnpike thrived until the coming of the railway in 1865 and then went into decline and was eventually taken over by the newly formed Highway Authority
The Elms (Bishops Court) 1903 Taken from an auction catalogue
The Elms was in 1870 called Sutton Cottage. Shortly after it seems Charles Collis the owner changed the name to Elm lodge/The Elms at least by 1880. Charles was a well-known farmer in Sutton (Church Farm) and Colemore: a sheep dealer and corn merchant. Charles died in 1883. By 1909 it had become Bishop's Court.
Description of the Elms 1903 Auction Catalogue
Description of the Elms 1903 Auction Catalogue
The Cripples 1895 The Ruins (White Friars)
This was a purpose-built building over the stream at the bottom of what is now White Friars garden. It was used by the Racehorse owner Arthur Yates (Standing with hat) for the treatment of strains and lameness in his horses using hydrotherapy. The two horses are Ulysses and Esher.
Along the back behind the horses can just be seen a Wapiti and a Molucca deer with an impressive Emu in the foreground.
It is said that Mr Yates kept a veritable menagerie at his properties the Ruins and across the road at Lacklands with various deer and Zebras which roamed the grounds and exotic birds including Parrots.
1897 Map showing position of the Cripples
Lacklands (sometimes called Bishop's Sutton House) 1895
In the 1960's it was a Preparatory Catholic boarding school for boys. More recently, it was divided up into North, South, East and Hall Lodges and became private properties.
This View is looking at the East end of Mr Yates' House . The property to the right is across the road: the Ruins (today White Friars). At the time of the photo both properties were owned by the Racehorse trainer Arthur Yates.
Cobbs Farm Bishops Sutton aerial view 1947
There is mention of Cobbs Farm Bishops Sutton in 1318, however there could be a problem as there is also Cobbs Farm at Sutton Wood which is a 17th century building formerly in Bishops Sutton (although now in Bighton), so it is not clear as to which place the 1318 reference applies to. However the house in Bishops Sutton is of some age. In 1839 it was called Cobbs Homestead and up to the late 1930’s Cobbs Cottage or sometimes just as the Cottage or Sutton Cottage. from the 1940’s as Cobbs Farm.
Cobbs Cottage extracted from a picture of 1908 looking east from the Plough P.H.
Tascombe, Cobbs Farm
Tascombe is the shallow valley by Cobbs farm. It runs from the high ground towards the east to Common Farm, north down to the river being crossed by the A31 and the B3047 at Cobbs farm.
Combe is a valley; the Tas element is more difficult but could come from the old English tǣsel (a Teasel). Alternatively, Tas could mean convenient, advantageous, or useful. So either Teasel Valley or perhaps Convenient valley because of its proximity to Cobbs farm.
The Malthouse about 1910
The House was demolished by 1940 and replaced with a bungalow called the Laurels and a smallholding by the early 1950's
The Malthouse yard and surrounding area 1839 Map
The Malthouse used to stand more or less opposite the junction with the B3047 and Water lane just to the West of the present Malthouse Cottages. Back in 1839 there was quite a grouping of buildings where today's Laurels and Burrell House stand, comprising of barns, a malthouse, a cottage and a granary. The Cottage in 1839 was in the occupation of William Norgate who it is assumed was the Malster. The Malthouse went out of use after the 1870’s and by the late 1890’s all that remained was the cottage. In later times the cottage was known as the old dairy and was eventually was pulled down by 1940. The present day Malthouse Cottages seem to have been built between 1896 and 1909.
The Malthouse area today overlayed with the original Malthouse structures
Many villages had a malt house- in fact Bishop's Sutton had a second onein the 1830’s in what was left of the old Bishop's Palace.
The malt was chiefly used to supply the needs of local publicans: the Plough being conveniently just across the road. The Malt house would have been typically a long, low building - the Malster would spread out barley grain on the floor and soak it in water, allowing it to sprout and then drying it to stop further growth. The malt was mainly used in brewing beer. The germination of barley is hindered by high temperatures, so many malt houses only operated in the winter. This provided employment for agricultural workers whose labour was not much in demand during the winter months.
Burnt Cottages, Hampshire Independent 15 April 1876
There were several Mr. Gregorys living in the village, the most notable was Robert who by 1881 was the farm Bailiff living at Bassets farm. in 1871 he was a Carter living in North Street.
1873 Map showing probable location of burnt cottages
It is not sure where these buildings were, though there is a pretty good chance they stood on the junction with Water Lane and the B3047 on an angle with New House Cottages (Grove Cottage). They appear on the 1873 map but have gone after that.
Bishop's Court and the Cottages from the south 1947
he buildings now called Bishop's Court Lodge, the Binding House and the Stables were originally numbers 1 and 2 Bishop's Court Cottages. They were built around 1900 and the north end stables and a loft extended to the road shortly after. In the 1950’s and 60’s what is now Bishops Court lodge was Garry's childhood home for his first 10 years; it comprised of a sitting room, dinning room, kitchen and upstairs were two bedrooms and a bathroom through which a door gave access to the loft over the top of the stables and on to a door at the end that looked out over the road (now a window).
Bishop's Court Cottages from the south 1947
The two cottages were tied cottages for the Head and Under Gardeners at Bishops Court. The driveway that ran past the front doors of the cottages in the 1940’s to 1960’s was one of the drives that led up to Bishop's court (the other drive came out between the ship and the shop). This was all owned by Mr and Mrs Steel who kept their cars, a huge Bentley and a Morris Oxford (the Morris Oxford was for running around Alresford and Winchester etc.) in the garage of the 2nd cottage. Opposite the garage was another building in which the Lawn mowers etc were kept: this included a large Denis mower, and this is partly where Stable Cottage is now (The Stables). The rest of the ground between the driveway and Park View Cottages was vegetable gardens for the two cottages. On the other side of the cottages were large vegetable beds where all the veg for Bishop's Court was grown.
2011 showing the former Bishop's Court Cottages
Tavy Cottage and Yeoman's Cottage 2008 (Tavy on the left side)
These two Grade II Listed cottages are early 18th century; there is a brick inscribed with the date 1714.
In 1839 the building is described as a single cottage - then occupied by Henry Long and others, the owner being Michael Rivers esquire (the farmer who lived in the neighbouring New House Farm House). Maps suggest the property was divided in two between 1896 and 1909. In 1939 it seems to have been called Twins cottage probably no 1 and 2. Presumably because they looked the same.
Bishop's Sutton Looking towards the shop late 1930's, The right hand side is now the site of the Village Hall.
The Plough looking east dated 1908
Cloisters (on the right) the home of William Dollery grand national winning Jockey. In the distance Cobbs Farm.